Forklift Pinion - The main pivot, called the king pin, is found in the steering mechanism of a lift truck. The initial design was a steel pin which the movable steerable wheel was mounted to the suspension. Able to freely turn on a single axis, it restricted the levels of freedom of motion of the rest of the front suspension. In the 1950s, when its bearings were replaced by ball joints, more detailed suspension designs became available to designers. King pin suspensions are nevertheless utilized on several heavy trucks in view of the fact that they have the advantage of being capable of lifting much heavier weights.
Newer designs no longer limit this particular machine to moving similar to a pin and nowadays, the term might not be used for an actual pin but for the axis around which the steered wheels revolve.
The KPI or otherwise known as kingpin inclination may likewise be referred to as the SAI or steering axis inclination. These terms describe the kingpin when it is set at an angle relative to the true vertical line as looked at from the back or front of the forklift. This has a major effect on the steering, making it likely to return to the centre or straight ahead position. The centre location is where the wheel is at its highest position relative to the suspended body of the forklift. The motor vehicles weight tends to turn the king pin to this position.
One more effect of the kingpin inclination is to arrange the scrub radius of the steered wheel. The scrub radius is the offset between the projected axis of the steering down through the kingpin and the tire's contact point with the road surface. If these points coincide, the scrub radius is defined as zero. Even though a zero scrub radius is likely without an inclined king pin, it requires a deeply dished wheel so as to maintain that the king pin is at the centerline of the wheel. It is a lot more sensible to slant the king pin and use a less dished wheel. This also offers the self-centering effect.
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